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Cannabis Education

Guide to Cleaning Your Cannabis Gear

As our nation proceeds to navigate the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, you’re probably sanitizing everything around you in order to mitigate carrying or catching the virus. The Center for Disease Control even includes step-by-step guidelines to disinfecting and cleaning all surfaces on its website.

And in the midst of the deep clean, your pile of cannabis accessories should not be overlooked. Because unlike a water glass or dish which gets washed after every use, pipes, bongs, and other products may get a once-over every few weeks – though they touch your lips, hands, and mouth constantly.

So keep that bucket of cleaning supplies nearby and follow our guide to cleaning your cannabis gear. You probably have the time now that you’re social distancing.

What do quarantine and social distancing mean?

What’s the difference between quarantine and social distancing? Vox recently reported on coronavirus and the utilization of social distancing to help quell the spread of the virus:

  • Quarantine: to separate individuals completely from the public if it is believed that they have been exposed, but aren’t yet showing, symptoms of sickness.
  • Social distancing: requires the public to refrain from social gatherings and maintain a conservative and clear radius around oneself and others when out and about.

Including these practices in your plan to help fight the virus will greatly and positively affect your community. Protecting those who are immunocompromised or most susceptible to the virus is the number one priority throughout this pandemic.  

Even if you are symptom-free, you can still be a carrier of coronavirus. According to various experts interviewed by The Atlantic, you should be avoiding social interaction as much as possible at this time. This includes skirting the gym, canceling non-essential appointments such as beauty treatments, stepping away from birthday parties and large family or friend gatherings, and keeping a healthy separation between you and the public when grocery shopping or running errands. 

Deep clean your grinder

Though you may be washing your hands often and thoroughly, you most likely touch cannabis nugs with your bare hands when breaking up and shoving them into a grinder. And can you remember if you washed your hands before each and every time you used your favorite grinder this past year? Be extra safe during this time and do a deep clean on your grinder collection.  

Not only will you feel peace of mind for sanitizing your stash, but you’ll also de-gunk any old resin sticking to the teeth and end with a satisfyingly shiny and slick grinder.

Sanitize your glass

Almost every cannabis consumer I know has a pipe or bong in their possession, while concentrates fanatics most definitely own some type of dab rig.

Thankfully, when you clean glass products, you usually sanitize them against certain viruses at the same time. Reason? It is commonly recommended that you pick up a bottle of 99% isopropyl alcohol and a package of coarse salt to deep clean. According to the CDC, cleaning products that contain at least 70% alcohol concentrations can kill coronaviruses.

If you prefer the homeopathic route, it is unfortunately not recommended to go the natural way, as distilled vinegar, tea tree oils, and other natural products are not powerful enough to take on COVID-19.

Put some elbow grease into your handheld vaporizers

Just like grinders and glass, handheld vaporizers benefit from a scrub. Learn how to clean the mouthpiece of your PAX with our breakdown of the PAX III — you’ll find out how to sanitize both the device and the concentrate attachment.

Any other vaporizer mouthpiece can be cleaned the same way as the Utillian 722. As noted with the other products, vaporizers can be sanitized from the use of a few Q-tips and 99% isopropyl alcohol.

Featured image by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Hannah is a Seattle-based writer and editor. She’s worked in the cannabis industry for three years and continues to learn and explore.



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Cannabis Education

Guide to Staying In and Social Distancing

As the nation tries to contain the coronavirus (COVID-19), you’ve likely found yourself in a state of isolation. Working from home, staying in, and avoiding large crowds have become the status quo for the foreseeable future. So what does this all mean for those of who use cannabis? How can you avoid transmitting the virus, and what should you do if you become so bored that watching paint dry sounds like top-notch entertainment?

Learn about what it means to isolate, stop the spread of germs, and follow our guide to making the most out of social distancing to break up the blasé days to come.

What do quarantine and social distancing mean?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), if you have an elderly loved one or know someone who is immunocompromised, it’s in your (and everyone else’s) best interest to practice social distancing. We must gather as a community and protect our most vulnerable from the coronavirus, which has an unprecedented high mortality rate for those susceptible.

But what’s the difference between quarantine and social distancing? Vox recently reported on coronavirus and the utilization of social distancing to help quell the spread of the virus. To quarantine is to separate individuals completely from the public if it is believed that they have been exposed, yet aren’t yet showing symptoms, of sickness. Social distancing, on the other hand, requires the public to refrain from social gatherings and maintain a conservative and clear radius around oneself and others when out and about.

Even if you are symptom-free, you can still be a carrier of COVID-19. According to various experts interviewed by The Atlantic, you should be avoiding social interaction as much as possible at this time. This includes skirting the gym, canceling non-essential appointments such as beauty treatments, stepping away from birthday parties and large family or friend gatherings, and keeping a healthy separation between you and the public when grocery shopping or running errands.  

Avoiding germs and getting sick

Should you give up getting elevated during the coronavirus outbreak to avoid germs? Not necessarily. Per the CDC, as long as you keep clean, wash your hands, use sanitizer, and shine up your living spaces, you should be good to carry on with your usual habits. Bonus obvious tip: don’t share your cannabis accessories with any friends or family at this time.

It’s also an excellent idea to use your isolation to sanitize all of your cannabis gear. Break out that bottle of isopropyl alcohol and clean out any pipes, bongs, and vaporizer mouthpieces that have been used within the last year.

Feeling a tickle in your throat? If you haven’t avoided getting sick this year for any type of cold or flu, consider our guide to using cannabis while sick. The bottom line: weed smoke can be harsh on the respiratory system when it’s already under stress due to coughing or hacking from the flu. When interviewed by Vice, medical physician Ira Price recommends other methods such as topicals and edibles over burning flower.

Keep yourself occupied

Okay, so you’ve meticulously cleaned your entire home, sanitized all cannabis accessories, stocked up on an extra 500 rolls of toilet paper, and got through the nitty-gritty of your at-home work assignments. Now what?

If you’re looking to keep yourself occupied during self-quarantine and you’re in a legal state, take a crack at growing your own weed. If it’s something you’ve always considered, but never had the time to pursue, you’re now in luck — as long as you have access to quality soil.

Don’t have the space to grow? No worries, try making your own concentrates instead. You can go all out with the Rosinbomb Rocket. But if concentrates aren’t your thing, home in on your joint rolling skills by creating the best damn crutch you’ve ever seen.

And if you’re heartbroken over the cancellation of numerous sporting events, occupy your time with our own Weedmaps March Madness strains bracket. Root for your favorites and follow which one will come out on top.

Sports not your thing? Not feeling creative? Want to just hang out with no plans? Then simply veg out solo with our guide to staying in and finding your chill amidst the social distancing. 

Illustration by Angelina Bambina/Shutterstock

Hannah is a Seattle-based writer and editor. She’s worked in the cannabis industry for three years and continues to learn and explore.



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Cannabis Training Videos

How To Top or FIM A Cannabis Plant – Topping Guide



On today’s show…from early 2017 – I teach you two common yield-boosting tactics Cannabis growers use: Topping and FIMing which are different sets of moves that achieve more top-colas on a plant. I personally more enjoy LST (los-stress-training) method, which I link to further below.

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TRAINING BIG AUTOFLOWERS for HALF POUND YIELD: 180W CLOSET GROW GUIDE



=======NOTHING FOR SALE=======18/21+ Adult Information and Entertainment
This channel and its content are 18+ intended for adult users under Bill C-45. I do not condone any illegal activities or encourage use and this video was filmed for educational and documentary purposes only.

Setting my goal high with a yield of half of a pound from a 180 watt led indoor closet set up growing autoflowers. Today is a guide / tutorial on training autoflowers for maximum yield. I go over topping and LST ( low stress Training ) training methods. I demonstrate the techniques and show you the results. This is an autoflower training guide for beginner gardeners / growers. Full seed to Harvest video coming soon.

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Cannabis Grow Guide | Episode 4 | Topping Update + Low Stress Training



Today I show you guys an update from when i topped my plant last time its doing really well recovered nicely and has 4 healthy tops now plus 4 branch tops I also did some low stress training so i wanted to show how i did that

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Cannabis Training Videos

Beginners growers guide episode 5. Topping and training your cannabis plant.



In episode 5 of the beginner grower’s guide we talk about topping and training your cannabis plant with low stress training. And we talk topping. Find me on Instagram Endogrows. If you would like to sponsor a video or become a product sponsors please email me at endogrows@gmail.com looking for new lights and some sponsors for upcoming giveaways.

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Cannabis Education

A Simple Guide to Cannabis Nutrients and Compost Tea

To raise healthy, lush cannabis plants, follow the lead of professional growers and learn about the plant’s basic nutritional needs during cultivation

Here’s a quick guide to cannabis nutrients — measuring and monitoring pH-balanced water, making compost teas, and how to guide your plants toward an optimal yield come harvest time.

Essential Cannabis Nutrients 

Without the right variety of nutrients, your yield will be less abundant and your cannabis buds won’t reach full size. Cannabis nutrients are divided into three parts: primary nutrients, secondary nutrients, and trace elements. 

The three primary nutrients all cannabis plants need to thrive are nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium — often referred to as N-P-K on soil and nutrient packaging. 

Secondary nutrients include magnesium, calcium, and sulfur. 

Cannabis plants also require micronutrients, or trace elements, often found in naturally occurring soils. Examples of micronutrients include zinc, manganese, iron, boron, chloride, cobalt, molybdenum, and silicon.

Sometimes, growers incorporate enzymes or specific supplements such as molasses so plants can grow larger buds with more trichomes.

All-in-one nutrient mixtures aren’t recommended typically. Don’t overload with any single nutrient because a large dose can be toxic to the plant. 

The Importance of pH

In addition to the array of nutrients, providing properly balanced pH water is necessary for a plentiful yield. 

The term pH is an abbreviation for “potential hydrogen.” It measures the alkalinity and acidity of soil or soilless growing media, and dictates which nutrients cannabis plants can effectively absorb. 

It is essential to check the pH of the soil or other grow medium with a properly calibrated pH meter. Regardless of growth conditions, improper pH levels can prevent a plant from absorbing nutrients, and even lead to a total nutrient lockout. Water from lakes, ponds, rivers, in-home water systems, and municipal water all contain varying pH levels. Regardless of the water’s source, the pH level should always be monitored and adjusted. Cannabis plants generally prefer an environment that leans slightly acidic, while the exact range is largely dependent on the stage of growth. The recommended parameters for cannabis grown in soil is a pH level between 6.0-6.8. For hydroponic and aeroponic environments, pH levels should be at 5.5-6.5. When your nutrient solution is not falling within the recommended range, you can adjust the pH with simple acids and bases available at nurseries and grow shops.  

When measuring pH levels, it’s important to keep in mind that the recommended pH for cannabis is a range rather than a set number, as plants respond to different pH levels throughout the growth stages to adequately absorb all available nutrients. 

How to Moderate and Maintain Nutrient Level Balance

The cannabis plant’s nutrient needs change as it progresses from vegetative to flowering stage. During vegetation, plants use a lot of nitrogen to help grow their lush green foliage and low amounts of phosphorus and potassium. At the flowering stage, the plant requires higher amounts of phosphorus and potassium, but very little nitrogen, which accounts for the leaves changing in color from green to yellow. Keeping this in mind when transferring plants from vegetative to flowering stages is a simple, effective way to help maintain a healthy balance of nutrients. 

Nutrients enter the plant through its roots as ions with either a positive or negative charge. These ionic charges will decide how a nutrient moves through the plant. Cannabis requires both mobile and immobile nutrients. Mobile nutrients include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, chlorine, nickel, and molybdenum. Immobile nutrients include calcium, sulfur, boron, copper, iron, manganese, and zinc. When a cannabis plant is deficient in a mobile nutrient, signs will sometimes show up on its lower, more mature leaves. Immobile nutrient deficiencies tend to manifest themselves in newer areas of growth near the top of the plant and at the tips. Signs of a nitrogen deficiency, for example, include rapid discoloration from green to yellow in the lower leaves. Conversely, a plant deficient in sulfur will exhibit subtle yellowing in new growth areas. 

Though a visual diagnosis isn’t the most reliable indicator of a nutrient deficiency, the symptoms can help a grower identify problems more quickly.

Documenting the soil’s pH levels helps the grower observe pertinent changes over time, as well as get a better idea of the optimal pH range a crop needs for maximum bioavailability. Taking detailed notes in a grow journal throughout cultivation can help you understand which nutrients your plants need at different growth stages.

Tools for Measuring Cannabis Nutrient Levels

The only way to be sure your plants have the right nutrient balance is to measure the nutrients each time you feed your plants, ideally with tools designed for the task and the growing conditions. 

Electrical conductivity (EC) meters measure a liquid’s ability to conduct electricity, which increases as the amount of soluble nutrients increases. An EC meter allows cultivators to monitor the levels of liquid nutrient solutions by monitoring its overall conductivity. It is often used in hydroponic and aeroponic systems. 

A total dissolved solids (TDS) meter helps growers measure the quantity of metals, salts, and minerals present in the water, usually in units of parts per million (PPM).  TDS meters are particularly helpful for determining when to add more nutrients to hydroponic and aeroponic grows. 

A PPM measurement tool is used with hydroponically grown and soil-grown cannabis to measure water-soluble nutrient levels. By checking the PPM of water before it’s given to cannabis plants, growers can determine the proper amount of nutrients to add. 

To prevent cannabis plants from experiencing burns or nutrient deficiencies, check the water’s pH level and its PPM frequently, especially after adding different nutrients into the water. 

Plants Thrive With Compost Tea 

Growers also rely on a simple mix of water and compost, called compost tea, because it contains abundant nutrients and useful microorganisms that originate in humus or regular or worm compost.  They can help alleviate fungicide treatments, enhance the plants’ terpene profiles, and deter pests.

Follow these  steps below to make  compost tea:

  1. Fill up one-third of a bucket with high-quality compost. Incomplete compost might contain detrimental pathogens.
  2. Add pH-balanced water into the bucket. Allow this compost and water mixture to settle for three or four days, periodically stirring the mixture.
  3. After three or four days, strain the mixture into a new bucket through cheesecloth or other permeable fabric. Add leftover solids into a garden or compost container.
  4. Dilute the leftover liquid with fresh water; the ideal water-to-tea ratio is 10:1.
  5. Use the compost tea right away for optimal soil absorption. For already developed cannabis plants, pour the compost tea from the bucket near the root system at the base of the plants. 

Feature image: A device such a total dissolved solids meter, shown, can measure in parts per million the quantity of metals, salts, and minerals present in water. (Photo via Shutterstock)



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Cannabis Education Videos

Doula Dispensary Diaries: The Medical Marijuana Guide and Mr Clean Pre-Roll



I visited another dispensary, bought a pre-roll of Mr. Clean. In this video, I smoke the pre-roll while discussing The Medical Marijuana Guide by Patricia C. Frye and the importance of accurate cannabis education.

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Cannabis Training Videos

DWC Low Stress Training Guide (LST) Part 2



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The Home Grower’s Guide for Finding the Ideal Cannabis Grow Tent

So, you’ve decided that you’re ready to start growing your own cannabis. You might think to yourself, “I’ll have some homegrown, trichome-coated buds in no time, right?”

Not exactly. The process of growing cannabis isn’t quite as simple as planting a seed, adding some water and periodically providing some light. In fact, it requires a lot of costly supplies, unwavering dedication, and expansive know-how to master the art of cannabis cultivation.

If you want to conduct a small, indoor grow operation within the confines of your own home without breaking the bank, a grow tent might be exactly what you need. Home growers utilize grow tents for cannabis cultivation because they provide an easily controllable environment and maximize lighting. While most grow tents are not capable of containing larger-scale grow operations, they’re ideal for hobbyist cannabis growers who are hoping to yield between 1 to 5 ounces (28.35 to 142 grams) each month.  

A grow tent has a sturdy exterior fabric that is oftentimes made from nylon or polyester material, similar to the kind you might find on an outdoor camping tent. The interior walls of each tent are equipped reflective panels that contain and direct light to plant from multiple angles. Most grow tents will also have openings to help ventilate the grow environment, specified areas where you can easily install a fan or filter, and of course, a rod to hang your grow lights.

Grow tents offer a simple way to conduct a small, indoor grow operation in your home. (Shutterstock Photo)

Grow tents come in many shapes, sizes, and styles. Some are engineered for smaller-sized grow operations, others are made to hold bigger grow lights and more plants. This can make the selection process particularly difficult for entry-level growers who are trying to decide which grow tent is best-suited for their specific cultivation needs.

Benefits of Using a Grow Tent for Cannabis

Two factors cannabis growers toward usually find enticing about grow tents are the low cost and relatively easy setup. Depending on the physical dimensions and attributes, you can easily find a viable grow tent at a price between $50 to $200. With all of the proper supplies, even a novice can have a grow tent up and running in a single day.

A properly built grow tent equipped with a carbon filter will help contain the skunky smell of the cannabis plant. This provides a level of discretion that is difficult to achieve with large-scale or outdoor grow operations. Grow tents also help deter insects and impurities such as dust from coming in contact with the plant.

Because the reflective interior effectively maximizes the amount of light inside of the grow environment, the overall weight of your harvest will likely increase. There are a number of studies that have observed the impact of lighting on cannabis plant growth. A January 2019 study in open-access pre-publisher SSRN, which has not yet been peer-reviewed or published by a journal, found that cannabis yields increased linearly with light intensity.  

With a grow tent, beginning cultivators can be up and running in as little as a day. (Photo by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)

“The results show that holding all else constant, cannabis yields are primarily driven by the intensity of the lighting, whereas there is little evidence that tuned-spectrum lights have a significant increase in yield versus general-purpose, broad-spectrum lights,” the paper stated.

Most grow tents are also fully waterproof and lightproof, meaning they prevent external light from sneaking inside of the grow chamber. There are a handful of factors that you must take into account to find the grow tent that best suits your cannabis cultivation needs. Compare the selection process to that of buying a new car. Ask yourself the following questions: What size do you need? What’s your budget? Do you want all-inclusive features or something low-cost that offers the bare bones?

Does Size Matter?

Grow tents come in all shapes and sizes. Entry-level cannabis growers who don’t have much space to spare can opt for a more compact option, such as a 24 x 24 x 24-inch or 24 x 24 x 48-inch grow tent. Despite being on the smaller side of the spectrum, these tents should be compatible with most commonly used grow lights. Several companies sell grow tents in this size range.

Inside of a standard grow tent, you’ll be able to yield 1 to 5 ounces (28.35 to 142 grams) of cannabis per plant, according to Green Carpet Growing, an online cannabis cultivation resource. The overall yield will depend on a number of factors, including the size of the grow tent, grow light wattage, size of the flower pot, and even the specific strain of cannabis.

The ideal size of a grow tent depends on a variety of factors, including the available space in your home or your desired yield. These plants are being cultivated in a 4x4x7-foot tent under a 600-watt Metal Halide light. (Photo by Plantlady223/Wikimedia Commons)

One of the main downsides of smaller grow tents is that the lack of height could stifle the growth of your cannabis plant. If you have enough space in your grow room and some money to spare, some companies produce taller grow tents that reach up to 8 feet, or 2.43 meters, in height. This additional space allows cannabis plants to flourish to greater heights, but it also makes it necessary to equip your grow operation with more powerful grow lights.

How to Choose the Right Grow Light

There are a variety of lights that can be utilized inside of a grow tent, including light emitting diode (LED) lights, high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps, high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps and compact fluorescent lamps (CFL).

A compact 24 x 24 x 48-inch grow tent allows growers to utilize less expensive grow lights at first, such as CFLs or LED. If you want to utilize more powerful 600-to-1,000 watt grow lights, look for a larger option, such as a 48 x 48 x 48-inch grow tent. Utilizing a more powerful grow light will increase the amount of flower you can harvest. On top of that, the more space you have in your tent, the more cannabis you’ll be able to grow.

You definitely want to avoid having your cannabis grow directly into the light that is hanging above it. If the plant gets too close to the light source, it could suffer from light burn, which could damage your buds to the point where nearly all of the cannabinoids are removed. Certain visual cues can help you determine whether your plant is suffering from light burn.

This is an example of an HID grow light system set up in a grow tent. The setup includes a carbon filter to remove any odors, and an exhaust system to cool the bulb and prevent the HPS from heating up the tent. (Photo by Plantlady223/Wikimedia Commons)

Due to stress caused by light burn, the color of the cannabis leaves will change to yellow and the buds will turn white. There are high-stress training (HST) techniques that will prevent the cannabis from growing too tall before the problem even occurs. One go-to method is called topping, which entails cutting off the main stem during the vegetative phase to divide the plant into two new stalks, promoting growth in the lower branches of the plant.

Other Components to a Successful Grow

Keep in mind that a grow tent is only the first step to setting up a successful cannabis grow. Other important factors that will impact the grow include an exhaust fan, carbon filter, as well as agricultural necessities such as potting mix, nutrients, fertilizer, and clean water source. The quality of your cannabis plants is also dependent on the seeds or clones that are utilized.

Equipping a fan to the airflow hole in the tent will enable optimal airflow throughout the inner grow chamber. This is a crucial addition to any grow tent, as lack of ventilation could cause mold or fungi to develop on the plant. A carbon filter can be added to keep the dank odor of your budding cannabis plants contained within the grow tent.

You should also give your plants the proper nutrients and adequate water supply, as these essential agricultural components will play a major role in how the cannabis turns out. Finally, be sure to source high-quality seeds or clones to ensure that you are receiving the desired genetics and avoid seeds that end up being duds.

If the thought of acquiring everything on this checklist overwhelms you, there’s no need to feel discouraged. A wide range of ready-made grow tent kits, come with everything you need to get growing, including lighting, ventilation and other cultivation necessities.



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