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Cannabis Education

Does cannabis really affect memory? Here’s what research currently says

Cannabis use has long been associated with memory loss. But until now, this notion was largely anecdotal. As researchers begin to look into cannabis and the effect that it has on human health, they’re beginning to better understand the effect it has on the human brain – and whether cannabis really does impair memory.

Memory is divided into both short-term and long-term memory. Short-term memory is where immediate events are temporarily stored, whereas long-term memory is where information is stored indefinitely.

Current evidence shows that cannabis intoxication may temporarily alter or distort short-term memory processing. This seems to be caused by compounds in cannabis that disrupt neural signalling when binding to receptors responsible for memory in the brain. Interrupted short-term memory can indeed impact on learning, and may also cause loss of interest or problems with concentration.

However, early research also shows that cannabis could have a positive impact on neurodegenerative diseases that affect memory, such as Alzheimer’s, Huntington Chorea, and epilepsy. In mainly animal studies, when researchers used components found in cannabis, they found it could slow or even prevent the advance of these diseases – essentially through the creation of neurons.

These apparently paradoxical effects from the same drug are best explained by two chemicals found in cannabis. Namely delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). We all have naturally occurring cannabinoid receptors in our brains. THC is able to effectively bind to these receptors, creating euphoric effects. However CBD can interfere with this binding process, which dampens the feeling of euphoria.

Different ratios of these two chemicals are found in various types of cannabis. Consuming a cannabis product with THC but no CBD increases the risk of developing mental health problems, such as psychosis. However, CBD could actually be used to treat psychosis.

Cannabis with higher levels of THC and lower, or negligible, amounts of CBD appear to have a detrimental effect on short-term memory, particularly in adolescents. The main problem is their ability to retain and recall information. Fortunately this is not permanent.

But these recent discoveries about the role of THC and CBD in cannabis show that we can no longer simply say cannabis itself causes psychosis, or is detrimental to memory. Rather, it might be the type of cannabis, and the compounds it contains, that may have specific risks or benefits.

And while there’s little doubt that some people who use cannabis do experience impaired memory, establishing that cannabis is the cause is tricky. One reason for this is because it’s difficult to rule out the impact of other drugs that people may have used – and whether these drugs contributed to this memory impairment. For example, alcohol misuse can also cause brain damage and memory loss. Another obvious problem when researching this is when asking people with impaired memory to recall their past drug use and any associated problems. Their ability to recall these details could be compromised.

Recent research even suggests that any memory impairment associated with using cannabis can be reversed when people stop using cannabis. This effect was seen mainly in those who used cannabis at least once a week.

Just as higher doses of alcohol can potentially cause brain damage, higher doses or more frequent use of cannabis may also cause long-term memory problems – the ability to learn effectively and the ability to concentrate on a task for example. Some people will use both alcohol and cannabis, often at the same time, which may both worsen the potential impact on memory.

New research also suggests that it’s cannabis, rather than alcohol, that’s responsible for damage to developing teen brains. Though alcohol can destroy or severely damage brain neurons and their signalling functions, this study showed cannabis actually changes the neural brain tissue responsible for memory. But this change can be reversed within a matter of weeks if a person abstains. Though surveys suggest fewer young people are using both cannabis and alcohol, those teenagers that do use cannabis use it twice as frequently.

Research shows that young, frequent users of cannabis have thinner temporal and frontal cortices, which are both areas that help process memory functioning. Memory is a critical aid to learning and study – but cannabis doesn’t just effect memory, it can also reduce motivation to learn. This dual influence reduces a young person’s engagement in education and their ability to perform.

However, using cannabis later in life (age 50 and over) appears to have only a moderate impact on cognitive functioning, including on memory. These modest declines are not fully understood, and there is a lack of high quality research in this area. That will need to change as it’s not just young people that use cannabis. As more countries legalise cannabis, older people might also want to try it.

While there is likely to be no great harm to a person’s memory if they experiment with cannabis, current research seems to agree that the more frequent the use, the greater the risk. Though there is still a lot that researchers don’t yet know about cannabis use on memory, current evidence suggests that any memory impairment can be reversed if a person abstains from use.


By Ian Hamilton, Associate Professor of Addiction., University of York and Elizabeth Hughes, Professor of Mental Health, University of Leeds.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.


Featured image by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

The Conversation

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The Conversation US arose out of deep-seated concerns for the fading quality of our public discourse — and recognition of the vital role that academic experts can play in the public arena.

The Conversation’s editorial process is deliberate and collaborative. Editors pay close attention to the news environment to identify the issues citizens are concerned about. They reach out to leading scholars across academia and work with them to unlock their knowledge for the broad public.



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Cannabis Education

Cannabis use after work doesn’t affect productivity – new research

Musicians and artists have long used cannabis to enhance their creativity. But how does the drug affect more conventional nine-to-five jobs? With cannabis now legal in more places, including Canada and several US states, research is being carried out into how it affects people’s productivity at work.

recent paper found that using the drug after work did not hurt people’s performance or productivity the next day. The research explored how using cannabis at different times of the day affected people’s ability to complete assignments and meet their job requirements, as well as their behaviour toward colleagues and attitude toward their work.

Cannabis use after work did not affect any of the measures of workplace performance. Perhaps predictably, however, when people used cannabis before and during work, they did not fare so well.

The drug interfered with their ability to carry out tasks, affected their concentration and reduced their ability to solve problems. It had a negative effect on people’s “citizenship behaviour” – how likely they were to help colleagues or work in a team. And it also increased people’s propensity for counterproductive behaviour, such as daydreaming on the job and taking excessive time to perform a task.

Better than alcohol?

As with alcohol – where consuming a spirit compared to a beer will not only affect the speed of intoxication but the impact this has on functioning – the effect of cannabis will vary by product.

The study does not provide much detail about how much cannabis the participants consumed – just that they used it before, during or after work. So we know little about the point that cannabis consumption begins to negatively affect work performance. Nonetheless, it challenges stereotypes of cannabis users as lazy and unmotivated.

Research into the effects of alcohol on work performance is much more extensive. It shows how drinking after work and heavy drinking in particular negatively affects work in lots of ways. These include reduced productivity, greater levels of absenteeism, inappropriate behaviour and poorer relationships with work colleagues.

This new research on cannabis and productivity, while limited, is an important step forward into investigating the effects of the drug on society. It goes beyond the historically crude assessments of cannabis use, which would simply ask participants whether they had ever used cannabis or not then draw conclusions based on this simplistic grouping. This clearly missed the various doses and frequency of use.

Research in this area is tricky, however, as people that use cannabis are likely to also use or have a history of using other substances, such as alcohol. So untangling which substance is associated with an effect on performance is difficult, if not impossible in some cases.

Implications for drug testing

Cannabis use is not a niche activity. An estimated 20% of Americans are thought to have used the drug, while in Europe cannabis remains the most popular drug after alcohol, whether legal or not. Cannabis is well known to reduce stress and help people relax so it is likely to be an attractive antidote to a stressful day at work.

If companies have drug-related policies, they should be based on evidence and specific to the needs of the job. The effects of cannabis on coordination is one area that is more problematic. Like alcohol, the drug reduces people’s motor skills, reaction times and hand-eye coordination.

Unlike alcohol, there do not appear to be residual negative effects on coordination the day after using cannabis – unlike alcohol. But another study from earlier this year found that chronic, heavy cannabis use was associated with worse driving performance in non-intoxicated drivers. This is because the drug can impair the motor skills necessary for safe driving in the long term.

This evolving field of evidence makes it difficult for employers that do have drug-testing policies for their employees. Because most drugs break down very quickly in the body, tests are designed to identify chemicals called metabolites, which remain after the drug breaks down and can be detected weeks after use.

Verywell Mind

This means that an employee could have consumed cannabis on holiday, for example, then be subject to a work-based drug test weeks later and face disciplinary action when the test shows a positive result – even though the drug is not affecting their performance.

To fill this gap, there are apps that provide an alternative method of assessing impairment by measuring changes in task performance. This may prove to be a more reliable and efficient way to check if cannabis and other drugs are actually hurting someone’s work performance. Expecting an entire workforce to abstain is unrealistic and will restrict the talent pool from which employers can recruit.


By Ian Hamilton, Associate Professor of Addiction., University of York

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.


Featured image by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

The Conversation

News Agency

The Conversation US arose out of deep-seated concerns for the fading quality of our public discourse — and recognition of the vital role that academic experts can play in the public arena.

The Conversation’s editorial process is deliberate and collaborative. Editors pay close attention to the news environment to identify the issues citizens are concerned about. They reach out to leading scholars across academia and work with them to unlock their knowledge for the broad public.



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Cannabis Training

Protecting Health, Safety and Your Business’ Future is Priority One in the Cannabis Industry

As the world adapts to this new reality, reassessing and updating business practices has become the new normal. In the pre-COVID-19 world, cannabis operators often reached out to FOCUS with an interest in improving a certain aspect of their internal business processes. Whether seeking help with improving existing standard operating procedures (SOPs), expanding employee training efforts, making sure risk assessments are effective, or developing supplier qualification and hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP plans). Every company has areas which they would like to improve, yet all struggle to find the necessary time and resources to dedicate towards the actual improvement activities.

All that has dramatically changed over the past few weeks, making this a perfect time to reassess and improve operations –  to help prevent the spread of this deadly virus – but also to assure continued business success.

 It is critical that all cannabis companies understand their requirements as employers under the General Duty Clause (Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 [29 USC 654(a)(1)]. Employees are the backbone of every successful company, and their health and safety should always be the first concern – not just during a pandemic.

If your company has not revisited the federal and state OSHA requirements that apply to your business since this pandemic began, doing so should be your first and biggest priority.

Under the Act, employers are required to comply with all occupational safety and health standards, and to furnish each worker “employment and a place of employment, which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm”.  The Act also includes requirements that employees comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations and orders issued pursuant to the Act, which are applicable to his/her own actions.

Companies with more than 10 employees must also be aware and in compliance with the recordkeeping and reporting requirements as they related to workplace exposures to COVID-19 under 29 CFR 1904, as well as any applicable state requirements.

Cannabis businesses must also be sure to use cleaning and disinfecting agents approved by the Environmental Protection Agency for use against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. There have been a lot of new companies advertising services to clean and disinfect cannabis facilities, many of which are making false claims about the effectiveness of their services against COVID-19. Don’t make the mistake of going through the efforts to improve your operations only to find they did not work.

Many cannabis companies are asking employees to work remotely. Even companies operating in jurisdictions that have deemed cannabis as essential are limiting staff and splitting shifts to comply with social distancing requirements and do their part to prevent further transmission.

Suddenly, employees are finding themselves at home, with very little actual work to do – providing a tremendous opportunity to improve your company’s practices. Employees working from home can become your biggest resource and best defense against future quality, safety, and compliance related issues within your cannabis business. If handled properly, these changes do not need to equate to a lack of progress. In fact, this is a terrific time to assess the effectiveness of existing operational plans, policies, procedures and training.

Updating and improving Standard Operating Procedures is one of the most straightforward ways to improve. SOPs are one of the most useful systems to streamline a business because they create specific measurable business outcomes. Data shows that just a 10% improvement in productivity from a better SOP could give you 35-40 more productive minutes a day from each one of your employees. Think what that could mean to your bottom line! If you are not sure if your company’s SOPs need improvement, ask these questions to assess the business value of your SOPs:

  • Does everyone in the organization have easy visibility on how things are done at all levels?
  • Are roles and responsibilities clearly defined?
  • Are training costs too high?
  • Is it taking too long to get a new employee productive?
  • How much supervisor time is required to get a new employee trained?
  • Are there areas where you would be at significant risk of incurring high costs or project failure if a key employee or consultant left today?

One way to begin the process of updating your SOPs  is by asking each of your employees to go through an existing SOP and update it with any information they identify that is missing, as it relates to that procedure. That updated draft should be shared with any other employees who perform the same function to assure its completeness and that everyone is in agreement. Once completed, the Quality Director or Management should review the SOP, reach out to any employees to resolve any issues, and then approve the SOP for use.

Another way to approach this is by having employees use the Notes app on their cell phone to explain each process they perform within a typical workday. They should do their best to include as many specifics as possible, including work location, materials and amounts, steps, time of day, etc. Ask them to explain it like a recipe, step by step, from beginning to end. These documents can then be used to determine if employees are all following the same steps, and where policies should be updated. It will also exemplify where SOPs may be in need of additional Work Instructions to be truly effective.

If effective, SOPs improve productivity, decrease costs, control for quality, and ensure consistent results. Use this time to make sure you are getting everything you should be out of yours. This is especially true for businesses that paid for SOP templates and have not yet customized them to their operations. Unless SOPs are  built upon the daily needs and happenings of your company, and implemented as a part of how you do business each day – they are not likely doing much to protect your business, employees, or customers.

This is also a good time to reassess your job descriptions. Have employees working from home go through and update their specific job description with any additional duties that they perform. Circulate them between employees to ensure completeness and agreement. Once completed, management can approve and update them for later use.

Training is also something that cannabis businesses should be revisiting during this time. Obviously, hygiene, health and safety training should be the first priority, as we all make efforts to mitigate the transmission and spread of this virus. All employees should complete a hygiene related course at this time, regardless of whether they have previously or not. This includes management and executives too. There are plenty of companies offering complementary online training during this pandemic, and cannabis businesses should be taking advantage of these. A terrific example is the ServSafe™ Food Handler Course,which is being offered for free through April 30th.  Additionally, ServSafe™ is also offering free state specific training, as well as COVID-19 Delivery and Takeout Training on demand.

Conducting internal training is also of critical importance right now, As we move through the different phases of this pandemic, more and more people will fall ill, or be forced to stay home to take care of sick loved ones. Do your employees understand all of the functions in your business? Do you have back up employees to cover all aspects of your operations if a crucial member of your team is no longer able to work? Cross training employees now is one of the best ways to prepare yourself for business continuity during this time.

While we all learn to exist in this new reality, smart cannabis business owners will take advantage of the situation and recognize there are plenty of ways to protect the future of their business by making sure they are fully compliant and operating at an optimal level.

 



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Cannabis Education

Guide to Cleaning Your Cannabis Gear

As our nation proceeds to navigate the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, you’re probably sanitizing everything around you in order to mitigate carrying or catching the virus. The Center for Disease Control even includes step-by-step guidelines to disinfecting and cleaning all surfaces on its website.

And in the midst of the deep clean, your pile of cannabis accessories should not be overlooked. Because unlike a water glass or dish which gets washed after every use, pipes, bongs, and other products may get a once-over every few weeks – though they touch your lips, hands, and mouth constantly.

So keep that bucket of cleaning supplies nearby and follow our guide to cleaning your cannabis gear. You probably have the time now that you’re social distancing.

What do quarantine and social distancing mean?

What’s the difference between quarantine and social distancing? Vox recently reported on coronavirus and the utilization of social distancing to help quell the spread of the virus:

  • Quarantine: to separate individuals completely from the public if it is believed that they have been exposed, but aren’t yet showing, symptoms of sickness.
  • Social distancing: requires the public to refrain from social gatherings and maintain a conservative and clear radius around oneself and others when out and about.

Including these practices in your plan to help fight the virus will greatly and positively affect your community. Protecting those who are immunocompromised or most susceptible to the virus is the number one priority throughout this pandemic.  

Even if you are symptom-free, you can still be a carrier of coronavirus. According to various experts interviewed by The Atlantic, you should be avoiding social interaction as much as possible at this time. This includes skirting the gym, canceling non-essential appointments such as beauty treatments, stepping away from birthday parties and large family or friend gatherings, and keeping a healthy separation between you and the public when grocery shopping or running errands. 

Deep clean your grinder

Though you may be washing your hands often and thoroughly, you most likely touch cannabis nugs with your bare hands when breaking up and shoving them into a grinder. And can you remember if you washed your hands before each and every time you used your favorite grinder this past year? Be extra safe during this time and do a deep clean on your grinder collection.  

Not only will you feel peace of mind for sanitizing your stash, but you’ll also de-gunk any old resin sticking to the teeth and end with a satisfyingly shiny and slick grinder.

Sanitize your glass

Almost every cannabis consumer I know has a pipe or bong in their possession, while concentrates fanatics most definitely own some type of dab rig.

Thankfully, when you clean glass products, you usually sanitize them against certain viruses at the same time. Reason? It is commonly recommended that you pick up a bottle of 99% isopropyl alcohol and a package of coarse salt to deep clean. According to the CDC, cleaning products that contain at least 70% alcohol concentrations can kill coronaviruses.

If you prefer the homeopathic route, it is unfortunately not recommended to go the natural way, as distilled vinegar, tea tree oils, and other natural products are not powerful enough to take on COVID-19.

Put some elbow grease into your handheld vaporizers

Just like grinders and glass, handheld vaporizers benefit from a scrub. Learn how to clean the mouthpiece of your PAX with our breakdown of the PAX III — you’ll find out how to sanitize both the device and the concentrate attachment.

Any other vaporizer mouthpiece can be cleaned the same way as the Utillian 722. As noted with the other products, vaporizers can be sanitized from the use of a few Q-tips and 99% isopropyl alcohol.

Featured image by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Hannah is a Seattle-based writer and editor. She’s worked in the cannabis industry for three years and continues to learn and explore.



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Cannabis Education Videos

Cannabis Growing Webinars / Cannabis Cultivation Education with Green Carpet Growing



https://greencarpetgrowing.com/cannabis-growing-webinars/

Learn how to improve the results you’re getting from your home grow through online cannabis education and cannabis growing webinars, presented by Green Carpet Growing in collaboration with Dark Heart Nursery in California.

In our experiential webinars, you’ll connect with growers (and their plants) from around the world, see live plant diagnoses, and interact with a dynamic and fun teacher. Green Carpet Growing’s Education Director Kat Betty is thrilled to bringing cannabis cultivation education and curriculum to growers everywhere.

$10 per person. You can get FREE ACCESS for a limited time if you send Green Carpet Growing a photo of your happy, sad, or neutral cannabis plant. For webinar information, dates, times, and to register, visit: https://greencarpetgrowing.com/cannabis-growing-webinars/

Each cannabis cultivation webinar will feature special giveaways from Dark Heart Nursery: www.DarkHeartNursery.com

ABOUT YOUR TEACHER:
Green Carpet Growing is proud to have Kat Betty serving as Education Director. Kat combines her M.A. in Education with over 10 years of commercial cultivation experience in the San Francisco Bay Area. She is best known for her work with the All Star Jack Frost cultivar which was named “Best of the Bay” twice by The East Bay Express and featured in Culture Magazine, High Times, the SF Chronicle and Cannabis Now Magazine. Under Kat’s tutelage, you’ll quickly realize she is a dynamic advocate with a strong commitment to teaching, apprenticeship, and creating community community around cannabis education and activism, especially experiential learning.

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Cannabis Education Videos

CAN-ED: Cannabis Education – Referral Program & Rewards



Can-ed offers the #1 rewards program. Just refer your friends, family and others to download the Can-ed app and create an account. If just 10 of them buy a certificate of $75 or more, you earn $500 in cash for your education, for your career or whatever you need the cash for!

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Cannabis Education Videos

Cannabis Grow Room Build Episode #3



DISCLAIMER: Intended for Adult (18+Canada, 21+USA) Audience! Everything done on this channel associated with Cannabis is LEGAL in Canada where it is filmed and done under an ACMPR (Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes) Licence, which is registered with Health Canada. Content is intended for education, adult entertainment, health and public awareness purposes only!

Cannabis Grow Room Build Part 3 Of 3
In this episode I will install two AC Infinity Duct Fans (T8&S8) as well as the AC Infinity controller. I will go over how to properly mount, and install fans as well as how to setup the controller. I will do a final hookup on all the remaining duct work. I will also dial in the climate for my grow space and finally get my room fully operational. I will include a small video at the end of me bringing my a 12 plants into the space finally.

This is a brand new channel with lots of new content to come stay tuned!
Thank-you so much for watching, happy growing!
Please like and Subscribe

Hi, I’m Jay, a private indoor Cannabis grower in Alberta, Canada. Watch me as I test new and upcoming products in ever changing world of Cannabis growing! With doing ongoing education in the Cannabis Horticulture sector, I am always eager to update my methods and products for growing.
My purpose with this channel is to educate and do reviews and non-biased comparisons on new products and strains.

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Cannabis Education Videos

Cannabis Vaporizers, Grinders, etc. – Raffle Giveaways in FB Group WEED .ed (Weed Education)



Win free stuff just by being active in the group!! #gnln & Vapor.com products #vaporizers ,#grinders , etc. The cannabis products I personally enjoy. 🧩🤘 #behappy #weedsaveslives #getweeded (Weed Education) at FB WEED .ed @cannabistalk101 @saltyhooker @cannabisnow

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Cannabis Education Videos

Learning Easy Steps To Grow Cannabis For Beginners



Indorgro Canada, We are a Canadian Home Care Service Provider dedicated to get rid of chronic pain. Get Education about growing their own Cannabis for medical purposes under the Cannabis Act.
– Indorgro Canada, We are a Canadian Home Care Service Provider dedicated to get rid of chronic pain. Get Education about growing their own Cannabis for medical purposes under the Cannabis Act.

If you have decided to grow cannabis at home, but no idea how to grow cannabis? Then read on

You can thoroughly enjoy the inexpensive method of cannabis growing which grows almost in different climates, indoors or greenhouses too. The plant grows almost throughout the year.

What all you need to grow cannabis?
· Enough light
· Grow tent and fan
· Potting mix
· Pots
· Fertilizer
· Smell filter

Don’t worry all the above items can be purchased from online stores.
The grow tent helps
· Keeping the bright light intact
· Has openings to allow fresh air slide in and throw out the used air
· Doesn’t let the plant smell go outside

Light
If you are reading a lot to gain cannabis growing education then you will come to know that cannabis needs plenty of light. The 3 different types of lights used are

· HID lamps
· CMH Lamps

Explore More about ” How to Grow Cannabis at indoor ” Visit Here:- https://cannabisformedical.blogspot.com/2020/01/learning-easy-steps-to-grow-cannabis.html

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Cannabis Education Videos

How to Make a Test-Batch of Cannabis Oil – Test Your Tolerance for Cannabis Edibles



Learn how to make cannabis-infused oil using just 2 grams of cannabis.

2 grams of cannabis = 2,000mg

Cannabis contains 20% THC (2,000 x 20%) = 400mg

After the decarboxylation and infusion process, the cannabis will lose some of the 400mg of THC that it contains.

The final infusion will have anywhere from 200-300+ mg of THC. There are many different variables that go into making cannabis edibles, but, this cannabis oil method is perfect for those looking to test their tolerance, or, those who are trying edibles and cannabis oil for the first time.

How to Decarboxylate Cannabis:

How to Decarb Cannabis in a Mason Jar – https://youtu.be/RTP99pKLx7o

Traditional Cannabis Decarb – https://youtu.be/ijJFJZZ5-ts

How to Decarb Kief for Cannabis Edibles in a Mason Jar – https://youtu.be/NP7N9e0gix0

With this oil you can make:

Cannabis Gummies with 4 Ingredients – https://youtu.be/qjxNFukTi4M

Cannabis-Infused Rice Crispy Squares – https://youtu.be/MMg3VTODDlQ

Sour Cannabis Gummies (Sour Patch Kids Edibles) – https://youtu.be/YOb1EMhL-WQ

This video contains information about;

How to make cannabis oil
How to make cannabis coconut oil
How to make cannabis oil on the stovetop

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