Have you ever looked closely at your cannabis bud and noticed small, crystals all over them?
These are called trichomes. The word trichrome comes from the greek word “trichoma” meaning hair. Think of these not as hairs but rather as microscopic crystals that cover the buds and leaves of the cannabis plant.
They serve as the plants resin glands and produce a potent cannabis concentrate prized by connoisseurs, called kief.
Since trichomes serve as the resin glands, they house the popular compounds that have become recognizable in cannabis. Infamous cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are made inside trichomes and start to form there as the cannabis plant begins to flower.
Terpenes, the organic compounds that give a cannabis plant it’s specific smell and flavour, are also created here.
As trichomes develop over time, they begin to change colour. These colours can range from clear to white, or amber to brown, and the colour of trichomes is sometimes used by cannabis growers to determine when it is time to harvest.
There are three types of trichomes that a cannabis plant can have:
The first are bulbous trichomes, these trichomes are the smallest therefore they are very hard to see with the naked eye
The second are capitate-sessile trichomes, these trichomes are medium sized and are found in larger quantities on the plant
The third are capitate-stalked trichomes. These are the largest, longest type of trichome and will give you the most effects.
These trichomes emerge during flowering and produce the largest amount of cannabis compounds like THC.
Trichomes are not unique to cannabis, they can be found on other plants too, but for the cannabis plant, trichomes act as a defense
Because of the terpenes they create and the bitter taste they hold, trichomes protect the plant from predators that would try to use the plant for food.
Both protector and producer, trichomes are one of the most crucial part of the cannabis plant
Since trichomes are where cannabinoids and other compounds are made, they have a significant hand in producing the psychoactive effects that cannabis is known for
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